Monday, March 29, 2010

10 Netstat Command Examples


Netstat command displays various network related information such as network connections, routing tables, interface statistics, masquerade connections, multicast memberships etc.,
In this article, let us review 10 practical unix netstat command examples.

1. List All Ports (both listening and non listening ports)

List all ports using netstat -a

# netstat -a | more
Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
tcp        0      0 localhost:30037         *:*                     LISTEN
udp        0      0 *:bootpc                *:*                                

Active UNIX domain sockets (servers and established)
Proto RefCnt Flags       Type       State         I-Node   Path
unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     6135     /tmp/.X11-unix/X0
unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     5140     /var/run/acpid.socket

List all tcp ports using netstat -at

# netstat -at
Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
tcp        0      0 localhost:30037         *:*                     LISTEN
tcp        0      0 localhost:ipp           *:*                     LISTEN
tcp        0      0 *:smtp                  *:*                     LISTEN
tcp6       0      0 localhost:ipp           [::]:*                  LISTEN

List all udp ports using netstat -au

# netstat -au
Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
udp        0      0 *:bootpc                *:*
udp        0      0 *:49119                 *:*
udp        0      0 *:mdns                  *:*

2. List Sockets which are in Listening State

List only listening ports using netstat -l

# netstat -l
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
tcp        0      0 localhost:ipp           *:*                     LISTEN
tcp6       0      0 localhost:ipp           [::]:*                  LISTEN
udp        0      0 *:49119                 *:*

List only listening TCP Ports using netstat -lt

# netstat -lt
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
tcp        0      0 localhost:30037         *:*                     LISTEN
tcp        0      0 *:smtp                  *:*                     LISTEN
tcp6       0      0 localhost:ipp           [::]:*                  LISTEN

List only listening UDP Ports using netstat -lu

# netstat -lu
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
udp        0      0 *:49119                 *:*
udp        0      0 *:mdns                  *:*

List only the listening UNIX Ports using netstat -lx

# netstat -lx
Active UNIX domain sockets (only servers)
Proto RefCnt Flags       Type       State         I-Node   Path
unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     6294     private/maildrop
unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     6203     public/cleanup
unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     6302     private/ifmail
unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     6306     private/bsmtp

3. Show the statistics for each protocol

Show statistics for all ports using netstat -s

# netstat -s
Ip:
    11150 total packets received
    1 with invalid addresses
    0 forwarded
    0 incoming packets discarded
    11149 incoming packets delivered
    11635 requests sent out
Icmp:
    0 ICMP messages received
    0 input ICMP message failed.
Tcp:
    582 active connections openings
    2 failed connection attempts
    25 connection resets received
Udp:
    1183 packets received
    4 packets to unknown port received.
.....

Show statistics for TCP (or) UDP ports using netstat -st (or) -su

# netstat -st

# netstat -su

4. Display PID and program names in netstat output using netstat -p

netstat -p option can be combined with any other netstat option. This will add the “PID/Program Name” to the netstat output. This is very useful while debugging to identify which program is running on a particular port.
# netstat -pt
Active Internet connections (w/o servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name
tcp        1      0 ramesh-laptop.loc:47212 192.168.185.75:www        CLOSE_WAIT  2109/firefox
tcp        0      0 ramesh-laptop.loc:52750 lax:www ESTABLISHED 2109/firefox

5. Don’t resolve host, port and user name in netstat output

When you don’t want the name of the host, port or user to be displayed, use netstat -n option. This will display in numbers, instead of resolving the host name, port name, user name.
This also speeds up the output, as netstat is not performing any look-up.
# netstat -an
If you don’t want only any one of those three items ( ports, or hosts, or users ) to be resolved, use following commands.
# netsat -a --numeric-ports

# netsat -a --numeric-hosts

# netsat -a --numeric-users

6. Print netstat information continuously

netstat will print information continuously every few seconds.
# netstat -c
Active Internet connections (w/o servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
tcp        0      0 ramesh-laptop.loc:36130 101-101-181-225.ama:www ESTABLISHED
tcp        1      1 ramesh-laptop.loc:52564 101.11.169.230:www      CLOSING
tcp        0      0 ramesh-laptop.loc:43758 server-101-101-43-2:www ESTABLISHED
tcp        1      1 ramesh-laptop.loc:42367 101.101.34.101:www      CLOSING
^C

7. Find the non supportive Address families in your system

netstat --verbose
At the end, you will have something like this.
netstat: no support for `AF IPX' on this system.
 netstat: no support for `AF AX25' on this system.
 netstat: no support for `AF X25' on this system.
 netstat: no support for `AF NETROM' on this system.

8. Display the kernel routing information using netstat -r

# netstat -r
Kernel IP routing table
Destination     Gateway         Genmask         Flags   MSS Window  irtt Iface
192.168.1.0     *               255.255.255.0   U         0 0          0 eth2
link-local      *               255.255.0.0     U         0 0          0 eth2
default         192.168.1.1     0.0.0.0         UG        0 0          0 eth2
Note: Use netstat -rn to display routes in numeric format without resolving for host-names.

9. Find out on which port a program is running

# netstat -ap | grep ssh
(Not all processes could be identified, non-owned process info
 will not be shown, you would have to be root to see it all.)
tcp        1      0 dev-db:ssh           101.174.100.22:39213        CLOSE_WAIT  -
tcp        1      0 dev-db:ssh           101.174.100.22:57643        CLOSE_WAIT  -
Find out which process is using a particular port:
# netstat -an | grep ':80'

10. Show the list of network interfaces

# netstat -i
Kernel Interface table
Iface   MTU Met   RX-OK RX-ERR RX-DRP RX-OVR    TX-OK TX-ERR TX-DRP TX-OVR Flg
eth0       1500 0         0      0      0 0             0      0      0      0 BMU
eth2       1500 0     26196      0      0 0         26883      6      0      0 BMRU
lo        16436 0         4      0      0 0             4      0      0      0 LRU
Display extended information on the interfaces (similar to ifconfig) using netstat -ie:
# netstat -ie
Kernel Interface table
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:10:40:11:11:11
          UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
          Memory:f6ae0000-f6b00000

1 comment:

  1. يا باشا إنت كبيييييييير بجد

    ReplyDelete